Vajda, Ladislao


Vajda, Ladislao
(1906-1965)
   Before settling down in Spain in 1942, Laszlo Vajda already had an impressive list of directing credits in his native Hungary, and in France and Italy, made as he sought refuge from anti-Semitic laws. Vajda's father was the playwright and producer Laszlo Vajda, who was a scriptwriter for G.W. Pabst and worked with Michael Curtiz. After a career that took him to different countries and provided training in a variety of areas in the film industry, his son brought to Spanish cinema a precision and imagination in terms of framing that is most evident in Marcelino Pan y vino (Marcelino Bread and Wine, 1955) that can be traced to European art cinema of the 1930s. His films of the 1940s were mostly conventional comedies, in which he compensated with craft for the weaknesses of the material. It was only after he met scriptwriter José Santugini Parada in 1950, who would go on to become a frequent collaborator, that he reached maturity in the Spanish film industry, completing a series of very personal and highly accomplished projects in the decade that followed.
   Vajda shot two excellent police thrillers, Séptima página (Seventh Page, 1950) and, especially, El cebo (The Bait, 1958), an atmospheric Hispano-Swiss co-production about a serial child murderer from a script by Friedrich Dürrenmatt. Another genre that suited his talent was the musical: he directed a number of them, including Ronda española (Spanish Tour, 1952), Aventuras del barbero de Sevilla (Adventures of the Barber of Seville, 1954), and his adaptation of the zarzuela Doña Francisquita (1953). Following a 1950s trend in Spanish cinema, he also directed a mountain-set story of fair outlaws, reminiscent of Hollywood westerns and rooted in populist Robin Hood legends, titled Carne de horca (Fated to be Hanged, 1953). Finally, he attempted a bullfighting drama with the intriguing Tarde de toros (Bullfighting Afternoon, 1956), an ensemble piece that follows the fates of several characters during a single corrida.
   But Vajda's best remembered films are the three projects he made starring child actor Pablito Calvo: Mi tío Jacinto (My Uncle Jacinto, 1956), Un ángel pasó por Brooklyn (An Angel Flew Over Brooklyn, 1957), and the legendary hit, Marcelino Pan y vino, one of the earliest Spanish film exports.
   Mi tío Jacinto remains an excellent illustration of Spanish neo-realism that replaces sentimentalism with social criticism. The narrative follows an orphan (Calvo) who tries to help his unemployed uncle. Un ángel pasó por Brooklyn uses the similar formula of a saintly boy who engages audiences' emotions. Marcelino remains his masterpiece, as well as one of the best crafted religious films made in Spain. It tells the story of an orphan abandoned at the gate of a monastery and brought up by the monks. He grows up enlivening their lives but painfully missing his mother. One day, he claims to have spoken to an image of Jesus Christ on the cross that was hidden away in an attic. The monks assume Marcelino is very sick, soon find him dead in the arms of Jesus. Vajda follows a literate approach that creates an effective aesthetic framework. Thanks to this, the film avoids some of the genre's pitfalls: it is told as a story and never attempts to present itself as reality.
   Vajda became a Spanish national in 1954. In the 1960s, he completed some international productions, financed by his own company. For his last title, La dama de Beirut (The Lady from Beirut, 1965), a Sara Montiel vehicle, he returned to Spain.

Historical dictionary of Spanish cinema. . 2010.

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  • Vajda, Ladislao — (1906 1965)    Before settling down in Spain in 1942, Laszlo Vajda already had an impressive list of directing credits in his native Hungary, and in France and Italy, made as he sought refuge from anti Semitic laws. Vajda s father was the… …   Guide to cinema

  • Ladislao Vajda — (* 18. August 1906 in Budapest; † 25. März 1965 in Barcelona, Spanien; gebürtig László Vajda Weisz) war ein ungarischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor. Leben und Wirken Im Jahr 1927 war Ladislao Vajda das erste Mal im Filmgeschäft tätig. Er… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ladislao Vajda — (Budapest, 18 de agosto de 1906 – Barcelona, 25 de marzo de 1965) fue un cineasta húngaro que trabajó en distintos países como España, Portugal, Reino Unido e Italia entre otros. Pieza clave en el panorama cinematográfico español entre los años… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ladislao Vajda — (August 18, 1906, Budapest March 25, 1965, Barcelona) was an Hungarian film director that made films in Spain, Portugal, United Kingdom, Italy and Germany. BiographySon of an artist (his father was an actor and director), Vajda started his career …   Wikipedia

  • Ladislao Vajda — est un réalisateur, scénariste, monteur, producteur et acteur hongrois né le 18 août 1906 à Budapest (Autriche Hongrie), décédé le 25 mars 1965 à Barcelone (Espagne). Il était le fils du réalisateur László Vajda. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ladislao — Relicario del rey San Ladislao I de Hungría Origen eslavo Género Mascul …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vajda — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert Vajda (* 1976), rumänischer Schachspieler Árpád Vajda (1896–1967), ungarischer Schachspieler Ernest Vajda (1886–1954), ungarischer Drehbuchautor Ivan Vajda (* 1978), kroatischer Tennisspieler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vajda — est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Attila Vajda, céiste hongrois pratiquant la course en ligne. Georges Vajda (1908 1981), islamisant, arabisant et hébraïsant. Ladislao Vajda, réalisateur, scénariste, monteur, producteur et acteur… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Laszlo Vajda — László Vajda ist der Name von: Ladislaus Vajda (1878 1933), ungarischer Drehbuchautor Ladislao Vajda (1906 1965), ungarischer Filmregisseur und Drehbuchautor, Sohn von Ladislaus Vajda …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • László Vajda — Nacimiento 1890 Fallecimiento 1986 Residencia Hungría Nacionalidad húngaro …   Wikipedia Español